The Somali Republic (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Somaliyeed, Arabic: جمهورية الصومال ) was formed as new nation, following the union of the former Italian Somalia, today’s Somalia, and British Somaliland, today’s Republic of Somaliland.
The high-profile one-day 28th extra-ordinary session of Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) summit held in Mogadishu, ‘Somalia’, on 13th Sep 2016 declared 12 points communique that supports the democratization process in ‘Somalia’ and AMISOM’s fight against Al-Shabab group.
The first article of the communique reaffirmed IGAD’s respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of ‘Somalia’. The summit renewed commitment of its member countries to continue support towards stabilizing ‘Somalia’ and endorsement of upcoming elections.
The summit’s venue was located near AMISOM military base, which is close to the airport, for security reasons. The meeting lasted for one-hour where every leader travelled back to his country in two-hours of their arrival except the President of Uganda who spent one-night with Uganda force in Mogadishu who are part of AMISOM.
The 12 points communique, which was prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of ‘Somalia’, has eliminated the existence of Somali Republic and focused on ‘Somalia’ which is officially the Former Italian ‘Somalia’. ‘Somalia’ was under UN Trusteeship for 10 years until 1st July 1960, and according to UN Records the Somali Republic was a result of unity between Somaliland and ‘Somalia’ on 1st July 1960.
IGAD reaffirmed the second OAU (Organization of African Union – today’s African Union) summit in Cairo in 1964 that passed a resolution which contained the following language in the preamble: “the borders of African States, on the date of their independence, constitute a tangible reality.”