Effects of tea and coffee among Somaliland people

Tea and coffee are the most commonly consumed hot beverages worldwide.

Coffee and tea contains various compounds that have been reported to exert beneficial health effects due to their antioxidant and antineoplastic properties. Although much consumption can cause many different problems for our health

Somaliland is one of the biggest tea and coffee drinking countries around the world although we don’t have any idea about how it effects our health.

on the tea habits of the Somali landers shows that 90% of the country’s population (which is 4 million) drink tea on a daily basis, with 50% of the tea drinkers drinking over four cups per day. Somaliland is one of the many tea-loving countries that doesn’t harvest its own tea so the majority of tea leaves used here come from India, China and Sri Lanka.

Tea and coffee are the most commonly consumed hot beverages worldwide. Numerous studies have investigated the association between their consumption and risk of different diseases. However, results from these studies were inconsistent due to a number of factors including small study size, lack of focus on coffee or tea and poor control for confounders such as smoking and alcohol drinking; the prime risk factors for these diseases. Given the uncertainty of the association, this review is very relevant. It also serves as a prime example of how meta-analysis works by pooling data from small studies to harness adequate statistical power for the detection of relatively weak associations. In addition, we can classify two parts, effects of coffee and effects of tea, while we are considering Somaliland population.


  • coffee consumption may raise blood pressure. Especially in those already suffering from hypertension and those who don’t normally consume coffee.
  • Increased risk of heart attacks among young adults. A study conducted by Dr. Lucio Most found that young adults who were diagnosed with mild hypertension had 4 times the risk of having a heart attack if they consumed the amount of coffee equivalent to 4 cups of coffee.
  • Coffee linked to gout attacks. This study showed that people who binge on caffeinated beverages increase their risk for a gout flare-up
  • coffee may cause insomnia. Caffeine in a person’s system at bedtime can mimic the symptoms of insomnia
  • coffee can cause indigestion. People who consume caffeinated beverages often report an upset stomach or indigestion.
  • Cardiovascular disease. Black tea consumption may be associated with a reduced risk of stroke.
  • coffee could reduce fertility in women. A study from The University of Nevada School of Medicine showed that coffee can reduce a woman’s chances of becoming pregnant by about 27%.
  • coffee may not be healthy for type 2 diabetics. A study conducted by the American Diabetes Association showed that caffeine impaired glucose metabolism in those with type 2 diabetes.
  • coffee Overdose. While overdose is rare, it can lead to many adverse symptoms including death, especially in those with underlying medical conditions. Some have a lower tolerance for caffeine than others.
  • Coffee Allergies. Some people have over-sensitivity to the caffeine molecule, which causes allergic-like reactions in the body such as hives and pain.
  • Coffee increases the amount of sugary beverages consumed by people, which contributes to obesity and diabetes
  • Coffee inhibits collagen production in the skin. This effect is dose dependent, but really heavy coffee consumers should be aware

Guled Kayse

Registered Dietitian Nutritionist

BSc, MSc, PGDip of nutrition and food science

South Asia University (Bangladesh)